October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars. It was originally the eighth month in the old Roman calendar, which is why October retained its name (from the Latin octō meaning “eight”) once January and February were inserted into the calendar it became the tenth month.
October is commonly associated with the season of Autumn in the Northern hemisphere and spring in the Southern hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa. In the Western world, October is also commonly associated with Halloween (All Hallows Eve), which initiates the season of Allhallowtide.
October’s birthstones are the tourmaline and opal.
Its birth flower is the calendula.
The zodiac signs for this month are Libra (September 23-October 22) and Scorpio (October 23-November 22).