The month was originally called Sextilis, the sixth month in the then month Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days under Romulus in 753 BC, when March was the first month of the year. About 700 BC it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 45 BC giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC it was renamed in honor of Augustus Caesar. According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt.
August’s birthstones are the peridot and sardonyx.
Birth flower is the gladiolus or poppy, meaning beauty, strength of character, love, marriage and family.
Zodiac signs are Leo (July 22 – August 21) and Virgo (August 22 – September 22)